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1001 21 to 30






“021”

2005
165 x 110 cm, oil
private collection, Vienna

l   Tying a non-lubricated condom around the muzzle of the rifle barrel in order to prevent barrel fouling by keeping out  detritus.
l The OSS used condoms for various applications, from storing corrosive fuel additives and wire garrotes (with the T-handles removed) to holding the acid component of a self-destructing film canister, to finding use in improvised explosives.
l   Navy SEALs have used doubled condoms, sealed with neoprene cement, to protect non-electric firing assemblies for underwater demolitions - leading to the term “Dual Waterproof Firing Assemblies.”
l   Spies during the Cold War used condoms to protect ultra-miniature Minox cameras and film for covert storage and transport.
l  Condoms have been used to waterproof boxes of matches and kindling, often by hikers and campers.
l The British SAS carry condoms as a method for carrying water in emergencies.
l Condoms have also been used in many cases to smuggle cocaine and other drugs across borders and into prisons by filling the condom with drugs, tying it in a knot and then either swallowing it or inserting it into the rectum.
l   According to journalists at the BBC protecting a microphone to be used to make an underwater recording with condom is standard BBC practice when a waterproof microphone is needed but cannot be procured.

l   Condoms are used with wireless microphone belt packs to prevent sweat from entering the electronics.
l   Condoms are used by engineers to keep soil samples dry during soil tests
l   Foot travelers in Amazonic South America wear condoms when wading through water to prevent a small catfish known as candirú from swimming into the urethra. The fish is attracted to the scent of blood and urine.
l  In special effects, condoms are often used as containers for fake blood on actors, bursting open upon detonation with a squib to simulate gunshot wounds.
l  Condoms are used to cover endovaginal ultrasound probes for sanitary reasons during medical ultrasound examinations.
l   Condoms are used as a one way valve by paramedics when performing a chest decompression in the field. The decompression needle is inserted through the condom, and inserted into the chest. The condom folds over the hub allowing air to exit the chest, but preventing it from entering.
l   Condoms are used by geological engineers when using displacement rods/probes to measure soil resistance by the cone penetration test method. The condom is unrolled over the pointed metal probe head to protect delicate sensors near the tip during the initial penetration.






“022”

2005
180 x 110 cm, oil
private collection, Basel

In ancient China, red was the symbol of fire and the south, and is one of the main five classical colors.In Chinese symbolism, red is the color of good luck and success, and is used for decoration and wedding attire (during the traditional half of the wedding ceremony, while the bridal attire in the modern half is usually white). Money in Chinese societies is traditionally given in red packets. Stock market gains in China and other East Asian countries are displayed in red, while losses are displayed in green...






“023”

2005
200  x 200 cm, oil
private collection, New York

Although Fendi produces a ready-to-wear sports line, the name is best known for its dramatic fur collections, which have been designed by Karl Lagerfeld since 1962. It has been the company’s relationship with Lagerfeld that brought the Fendi name to the attention of the fashion press. Lagerfeld was also responsible for designing the double-F griffe that is almost as well recognized among the fashion cognoscenti as the double-C and double-G symbols of Chanel and Gucci.
Lagerfeld’s innovative treatment of fur was both witty and, at times, shocking and has kept the Fendi company at the forefront of this field. In Lagerfeld’s capable hands, real fur took on the appearance of fake fur; having been perforated with thousands of tiny holes to make the coats lighter to wear and printed to look like damask and other similar fabrics. Denim coats have been lined with mink by Lagerfeld, who also employed unorthodox animal skins such as squirrel and ferret in his creations. More recently, Lagerfeld covered an entire fur coat with woven mesh and created completely reversible fur coats as his stand against the antifur movement, which created great problems for the trade. Another design he produced for autumn-winter 1993-94 consisted of a small zipped bag that unfolded into a calf-length fur coat.
In Italy, fur sales have continued to constitute a major part of the company’s business—where the Fendi sisters claim to have changed the age-old tradition of fur as being a status symbol to being a covetable high-fashion garment.





“024”

2004
170x 120 cm, oil
M-Ars Gallery, Vienna

Mexico´s Green Revolution began in 1943 with the establishment of the Office of Special Studies, which was a venture that was a collaboration between the Rockefeller Foundation and the presidential administration of Manuel Avila Camacho in Mexico. While Camacho’s predecessor Cárdenas promoted peasant subsistence agriculture through policies of land reform, Avila Camacho’s primary goal for Mexican agriculture was to aid in the nation’s industrial development and economic growth. US Vice President Henry Wallace, who was instrumental in convincing the Rockefeller Foundation to work with the Mexican government in agricultural development, saw Camacho’s ambitions as beneficial to U.S. economic and military interests.
J. George Harrar, who would later become president of the Rockefeller Foundation, headed the Office of Special Studies. Its lead scientists included Norman Borlaug, Edwin Wellhausen, and William Colwell. Researchers from both the United States and Mexico were involved in this program. The main initiative of the Office was the development of high-yielding maize and wheat varieties. Borlaug received the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize for his work on wheat breeding.
The Mexican national government invested heavily in rural infrastructure development, and the adoption of new seed varieties became widespread. Mexico became self-sufficient in wheat production by 1951 and began to export wheat thereafter...





“025”

2004
120 x 180 cm, oil
work in progress

With its roots in the subcultures of “Pachucoism” and the “Cholo” image, the popular culture of lowriding has been present since the early 1950’s. “Pachucos” refer to Mexican American youth in the 1940’s known for wearing zoot suits with broad shoulders and baggy pants that were tied at the ankle. They were referred to as “Zoot Suiters,” a term that came to be associated with “hoodlum” by media sensationalism. Cholos were the next generation of Mexican Americans with a distinctive way of dressing, including neatly pressed baggy khakis wom with T-shirts. These two subcultures are the results of a cultural hybridization of the Mexican and American cultures...







“026”

2004
320 x 170cm, oil
Gallery Kroupa, Vienna

Not only used as a means of transportation, lowriders have used their vehicles to voice their opinions on several issues.  Some themes are religious: the Virgin of Guadalupe and roses symbolic of her, a suffering Christ figure, and lowriders cruising beneath the outstretched arms of the Virgin of Guadalupe (entitled “Cruising Together”). Others are representative of pride in the Mestizo race: ‘La Indita” (Mexican Indian girl). an Aztec princess, or an Aztec warrior with an Indian maiden in his arms. Other important themes reflect pride in Mexico’s history: Mexican revolutionary soldiers, famous Mexican heroes (Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata), and a Mexican Charra (cowgirl) with sombrero...






“027”

2005
170 x 110 , oil
private collection, Vienna

You know that it would be untrue
You know that I would be a liar
If I was to say to you
Girl, we couldn’t get much higher
Come on baby, light my fire
Come on baby, light my fire
Try to set the night on fire

The time to hesitate is through
No time to wallow in the mire
Try now we can only lose
And our love become a funeral pyre
Come on baby, light my fire
Come on baby, light my fire
Try to set the night on fire, yeah

The time to hesitate is through
No time to wallow in the mire
Try now we can only lose
And our love become a funeral pyre
Come on baby, light my fire
Come on baby, light my fire
Try to set the night on fire, yeah

You know that it would be untrue
You know that I would be a liar
If I was to say to you
Girl, we couldn’t get much higher
Come on baby, light my fire
Come on baby, light my fire
Try to set the night on fire
Try to set the night on fire
Try to set the night on fire
Try to set the night on fire

The Doors “Liht my Fire”







“028”

2005
175 x 115 cm, oil
Gallery Kroupa, Vienna



TED started out as an annual conference in Monterey devoted to Technology, Entertainment and Design. The content has broadened in recent years, but its annual event is still the main engine that drives TED’s success, bringing together 1000 of the world’s most remarkable people. The format is fast-paced, with 50+ speakers over four days.TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design. It started out (in 1984) as a conference bringing together people from those three worlds. Since then its scope has become ever broader.
The annual conference now brings together the world’s most fascinating thinkers and doers, who are challenged to give the talk of their lives (in 18 minutes).
On its Website it makes the best talks and performances from TED available to the public, for free.
TED´s Mission: Spreading ideas.
TED believes passionately in the power of ideas to change attitudes, lives and ultimately, the world. BMW is the main Sponsor of the TED conferences...






“029”

2005
175 x 110 cm, oil
collection of the Artist Vienna

The S85B50 is a high-revving engine designed to utilize power from a wide rev band. Having a redline of 8250 rpm, it achieves over 100bhp/liter and features a very high compression ratio of 12.0:1, beating the previous M3 of 11.5:1. It is a 5.0 Liter V10 engine with 507 hp/520Nm and a 383 ft·lbf torque. It uses a double VANOS system which varies both intake and exhaust valve timing. Its equiped with 10 individual electronically controlled throttles. Knock sensors have been eliminated to utilize the new “ionic current” measuring system. Using the ionic current system, engine misfires as well as knock can be measured simultaneously. Combustion quality raises or lowers cylinder pressure. The ionic current is measured by passing a low voltage between the spark plugs immediately following the ignition spark...




“031”

2005
150 x 230, oil
Blinklicht collection, Vienna

The term “horsepower” was invented by James Watt to help market his improved steam engine. He had previously agreed to take royalties of one third of the savings in coal from the older Newcomen steam engines.This royalty scheme did not work with customers who did not have existing steam engines but used horses instead. Watt determined that a horse could turn a mill wheel 144 times in an hour (or 2.4 times a minute). The wheel was 12 feet in radius, therefore the horse travelled 2.4 × 2pi × 12 feet in one minute. Watt judged that the horse could pull with a force of 180 pounds So:

He assumed that the measurements of mass were equivalent to measurements of force in pounds-force, which were not well-defined units at the time.
This was rounded to an even 33,000 ft·lbf/min. Others recount that Watt determined that a pony could lift an average 220 pounds 100 feet (30 m) per minute over a four-hour working shift. Watt then judged a horse was 50% more powerful than a pony and thus arrived at the 33,000-ft·lbf/min figure.
Engineering in History recounts that John Smeaton initially estimated that a horse could produce 22,916-foot-pounds per minute. John Desaguliers increased that to 27,500-foot-pounds per minute. “Watt found by experiment in 1782 that a ‘brewery horse’ was able to produce 32,400-foot-pounds per minute”. James Watt and Matthew Boulton standardized that figure at 33,000 the next year.
Put into perspective, a healthy human can produce about 1.2 hp briefly (see Orders of magnitude (power)) and sustain about 0.1hp indefinitely, and trained athletes can manage up to about 0.3 horsepower for a period of several hours. Most observers familiar with horses and their capabilities estimate that Watt was either a bit optimistic or intended to under promise and over deliver; few horses can maintain that effort for long. Regardless, comparison to a horse proved to be an enduring marketing tool. R. D. Stevenson and R. J. Wasserzug published an article in Nature 364, 195-195 (15 July 1993) calculating the upper limit to an animal’s power output. The peak power over a few seconds has been measured to be as high as 14.9 hp. However, for longer periods an average horse produces less than one horsepower...







“033”

2007
150 x 210 cm, oil
work in progress

This stems back to ancient times in the Mediterranean /Middle East, when a carat became used as a measure of the purity of gold alloys (see next Question 5). The purity of gold is now measured also in terms if fineness, i.e parts per thousand. Thus 18 carats is 18/24th of 1000 parts = 750 fineness. A Carat (Karat in USA & Germany) was originally a unit of mass (weight) based on the Carob seed or bean used by ancient merchants in the Middle East. The Carob seed is from the Carob or locust bean tree. The carat is still used as such for the weight of gem stones (1 carat is about 200 mg). For gold, it has come to be used for measuring the purity of gold where pure gold is defined as 24 carats. How and when this change occurred is not clear. It does involve the Romans who also used the name Siliqua Graeca (Keration in Greek, Qirat in Arabic, now Carat in modern times) for the bean of the Carob tree. The Romans also used the name Siliqua for a small silver coin which was one-twentyfourth of the golden solidus of Constantine. This latter had a mass of about 4.54 grammes, so the Siliqua was approximately equivalent in value to the mass of 1 Keration or Siliqua Graeca of gold, i.e the value of 1/24th of a Solidus is about 1 Keration of gold, i.e 1 carat. Gold in antiquity was relatively easy to obtain geologically; however, 75% of all gold ever produced has been extracted since 1910.[5] It has been estimated that all the gold in the world that has ever been refined would form a single cube 20 m on a side (8000 m³)...












“030”

2005
165 x 110 cm, oil
collection of the Artist, Vienna

Karl Sommer was an SS officer working in the Economic and Administrative Main Office (EAMO) in 1942, becoming its departmental head in 1944. EAMO was responsible for giving companies access to prisoners for slave labor in Nazi Germany.
After the war, Sommer was interviewed by the US Chief of Counsel on his activities under the Nazi regime, and specifically, about which companies used Nazi slave labor. Sommer said that the firms, after filling the necessary prerequisites, were allowed to come in to the camps and choose the prisoners they wanted. Even after seeing the horrible conditions in these camps, seeing the death, starvation, torture... these firms chose to take some of these people and exploit them for profit.
The first such firm named on Sommer’s list is BMW, which makes 4 further appearances on the list. Altogether, BMW admits to using to using 25,000 - 30,000 slave laborers, POWs and concentration camp inmates. If they were payed, their meager earnings (20 cents an hour) went into the SS treasury to further fund their own annihilation (information from The Ethnic Newswatch 03.31.98). Other firms listed by Sommer include Ford, Volkswagen, Krupp, Siemens, Bayer, Porsche and Daimler-Benz (Mercedes)...




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